Richard Birdsey, Woods Hole Research Center
Noel P. Gurwick, U.S. Agency for International Development
Kevin Robert Gurney, Northern Arizona University
Gyami Shrestha, U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program and University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Melanie A. Mayes, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Raymond G. Najjar, The Pennsylvania State University
Sasha C. Reed, U.S. Geological Survey
Paty Romero-Lankao, National Center for Atmospheric Research (currently at National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Carbon Measurement Approaches and Accounting Frameworks

Since publication of the First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR1), coordinated research supported and facilitated by multiple agencies in the United States, Canada, and Mexico has enabled significant innovative observational, analytical, and modeling capabilities and approaches to further advance understanding of the North American carbon cycle. This appendix describes such approaches and methods for carbon stock and flow estimations, measurements, and accounting.1

1 This appendix describes carbon accounting and measurement approaches used in the research assessed in this report. These approaches were introduced in the Preface section titled “Methods for Estimating Carbon Stocks and Fluxes,” and are elaborated on here.

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