Gyami Shrestha, U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program and University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Report Development Process

Founded by a Presidential Initiative in 1989, USGCRP aims to build a knowledgebase that informs human responses to climate and global change through coordinated and integrated federal programs of research, education, communication, and decision support. Subsequently, the Global Change Research Act (1990) mandated USGCRP to develop and coordinate “a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.” CCIWG was established in 1998, and the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program in 1999 under USGCRP auspices (see Interagency Context of U.S. Carbon Cycle Science in the Preface).

USGCRP Institutional Foundations. USGCRP encompasses 13 federal departments and agencies that collectively support the largest investment in climate and global change research in the world. These governmental departments and agencies maintain and develop the observational, monitoring, data management, analysis, and modeling capabilities that support U.S. responses to global change. Providing a platform for coordination of pertinent research activities across agencies, USGCRP provides congressionally mandated data and products to inform decisions. USGCRP’s Strategic Plan (USGCRP 2012) and Update to the Strategic Plan 2012–2021 (USGCRP 2017a) focus on four goals: advance science, inform decisions, conduct sustained assessments, and communicate and educate. The USGCRP agencies are listed below:

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • The Smithsonian Institution (SI)

  • U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)

  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

  • U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC)

  • U.S Department of Defense (DOD)

  • U.S Department of Energy (DOE)

  • U.S Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

  • U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI)

  • U.S. Department of State (DOS)

  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

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