Lead Author:
Elise Pendall, Western Sydney University
Contributing Authors:
Dominique Bachelet, Oregon State University
Richard T. Conant, Colorado State University
Bassil El Masri, Murray State University
Lawrence B. Flanagan, University of Lethbridge
Alan K. Knapp, Colorado State University
Jinxun Liu, U.S. Geological Survey
Shuguang Liu, Central South University of Forestry and Technology
Sean M. Schaeffer, University of Tennessee
Science Lead:
Sasha C. Reed, U.S. Geological Survey
Review Editor:
Rachel Melnick, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Federal Liaisons:
Nancy Cavallaro, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Anne Marsh, USDA Forest Service



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  1. Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e): Amount of CO2 that would produce the same effect on the radiative balance of Earth’s climate system as another greenhouse gas, such as methane (CH4) or nitrous oxide (N2O), on a 100-year timescale. For comparison to units of carbon, each kg CO2e is equivalent to 0.273 kg C (0.273 = 1/3.67). See Box P.2, p. 12, in the Preface for details.

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